What is B.Sc Agriculture Course ?

A Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Agriculture is a four-year undergraduate science program. It focuses on research and practices in agricultural science, such as:
  • Genetics and plant breeding
  • Agricultural microbiology
  • Soil science
  • Plant pathology 
The program also covers farming methods and the benefits of specific agricultural practices. These practices can help increase productivity while reducing soil erosion and pollution. 

Program Structure

A Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Agriculture is usually a four-year program in India. The program is spread over eight semesters and includes a mandatory one-semester internship. The syllabus includes subjects such as: 


Agronomy, Crop physiology, Genetics, Plant biochemistry, Soil science, Entomology, Horticulture, Agricultural economics. 

Some subjects may include:
  • Fundamentals of soil science
  • Fundamentals of horticulture
  • Fundamentals of agronomy
  • Introduction to forestry
  • Fundamentals of plant biochemistry and biotechnology
  • Rural sociology and educational psychology
  • Fundamentals of entomology
  • Fundamentals of genetics
  • Soil and water conservation engineering
  • Fundamentals of crop physiology
  • Agricultural microbiology 


The syllabus includes topics such as: 


Agricultural economics, Agronomy, Plant biochemistry, Crop production, Soil science, Agricultural engineering. 


BSc Agriculture has several streams, including: Horticulture, Dairy science, Fisheries, Forestry. 

Some other agriculture courses include:
  • BSc Agricultural Education
  • BSc Fisheries
  • BSc Horticulture
  • Soil Science
  • BSc in Food Science
  • B.Sc Agriculture (Hons)
  • B.Sc Agricultural Science
  • B.Sc Agronomy and Soils
  • B.Sc Precision Agriculture
  • B.Sc Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security 

Career Opportunities

A Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (B.Sc. Ag) can lead to many career opportunities. Graduates can work in government, private, and public institutions, research centers, and agriculture firms. Some career options include:
  • Agricultural officer
    Work in government departments, agricultural universities, and research organizations. Responsibilities may include implementing agricultural policies, providing technical guidance to farmers, and conducting research.
  • Agribusiness manager
    Focus on the business side of agriculture, combining traditional farming knowledge with modern business principles. Skills include marketing, finance, supply chain management, and entrepreneurship.
  • Agricultural engineer
    May help farmers maintain their crops or design and construct manufacturing facilities for the food industry.
  • Ag scientist

    Graduate can pursue careers as agricultural consultants, farm managers, researchers, agricultural engineers, and more. 

Other career options include:
  • Agriculture Junior Engineer
  • Agriculture Development Officer
  • Researchers
  • Technologist 
Other options include:
  • Prepare for banking exams like IBPS, SBI, NABARD, etc.
  • Try for government competitive exams like UPSC, FCI, IFos, AFO, etc.
  • Work at ICAR, an organization under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (GoI) that deals in research and development
  • Work at NABARD, a financial institution established by the government of India to boost the country’s rural and agricultural development 

Some Basic Information about B.Sc Agriculture

  Information   Details
 Admission Process  Admission based on merit or entrance exams conducted by agricultural  universities
 Duration  4 years (Bachelor’s) or 2 years     (Master’s)
 Eligibility  Successful completion of 10+2 with  Science (for Bachelor’s) or Bachelor’s degree in Agriculture or related field (for Master’s)
 Minimum Age  Varies by institution
 Future Scope  Careers in agriculture, agribusiness, farming, agricultural research, and development
 Specializations  Agronomy- Horticulture- Agricultural Economics- Agricultural Engineering- Plant Pathology- Soil Science

Top colleges of B.Sc Agriculture in INDIA