What is M.Sc. Degree ?

A Master of Science (MSc) is a two-year postgraduate degree program. It’s a standard qualification for taught courses in science and technology subjects. The MSc course emphasizes scientific fields such as physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics. 


An MSc can be general or in a specific specialty. The equivalent degree in arts and humanities subjects is an MA. 


An MSc degree program can provide many career opportunities, such as: 


Chemist, Marine biologist, Financial analyst, Research assistant, Investment analyst, Clinical psychologist, Statistician, Information security analyst. 

Program Structure

A Master of Science (MSc) program is a two-year postgraduate degree program. It is a STEM degree that focuses on science, engineering, technology, mathematics, or medicine. 

The program structure of an MSc program includes:
  • Courses
  • Trimester courses
  • Majors, minors, and other academic plans
  • Specialization
  • Theoretical and practical knowledge 

MSc programs are usually assessed by coursework, lab work, exams, and a final dissertation. The final dissertation is often more data-driven and shorter than an MA’s dissertation. 

Some MSc programs include: 

Technology studies, Computer science, Information technology, Data science, Information systems, Artificial intelligence, Technology, Automation. 

Some MSc core subjects include: Mechanics, Cell biology, Analytical chemistry, Mathematical physics. 

Candidates can pursue higher levels of studies like M. Phil or PhD after completing the MSc course


Here are some MSc specializations:
  • MSc Bioinformatics
    Uses computational tools and techniques to analyze and interpret biological data, such as DNA sequences, protein structures, and metabolic pathways.
  • MSc Physics
    Provides an analytical background to basic and modern foundations of conventional physics. It also offers insight into areas such as Material Science & Electronics, which are offered as a subject of specialization.
  • MSc Mathematics
    Offers students the opportunity to gain in-depth knowledge about Differential equations, trigonometry, sets, probability, and many more.
  • MS Automotive Engineering
    Students develop technical and managerial expertise required to be successful in the automotive industry.
  • MSc in Management
    A specialized STEM program designed for current and future leaders to manage organizations of all kinds.
  • MSc Microbiology
    A 2-year degree course offered at the postgraduate level to science students. It comprises various research and project tasks to equip the students with professional knowledge of the subjects.
  • MSc Biotechnology

    Enhances the skills and knowledge in the subjects like cell immunology, cell biology, and similar other. It also studies the impact of technology on life sciences. 

Other MSc specializations include:
  • MSc Chemistry
  • MSc Computer Science
  • MSc Agriculture 

Career Opportunities

A Master of Science (MSc) degree can lead to many career opportunities:
  • MSc Biotechnology
    Graduates can work in research, teaching, or as an environmental or safety specialist. IIT students with an MSc in Biotechnology can also work in the healthcare and pharmaceutical industries.
  • MSc Physics
    Graduates can work in research labs, IT fields, the automobile industry, and government-owned scientific research and development organizations. They can also work as a junior research fellow, research scientist, medical physicist, radiation physicist, or research associate.
  • MSc in Environmental Management
    Graduates can work in consulting and oversight positions, helping manage projects that use natural resources.
  • Photography
    Graduates can work as commercial photographers, photojournalists, digital photo editors, videographers, or educators.
  • Research
    Graduates can apply for research and technical roles in top institutes and firms that are known for their R&D and inventions.
  • Asset management
    Graduates can manage investment portfolios and create investment strategies that are in line with the client’s financial objectives.
  • MSc in Engineering
    Graduates can work in civil engineering or electrical engineering.

Some Basic Information About M.Sc. Course

Admission Process Admission based on entrance exams conducted by universities or institutes
Duration 2 years
Eligibility Bachelor’s degree in the relevant subject or related field from a recognized  university
Minimum AgeVaries by institution
Future Scope Research and development roles<br>- Teaching and academia<br>- Industry positions
Specializations Mathematics- Physics- Chemistry- Biology- Computer Science- Environmental Science

Top Colleges of M.Sc. in INDIA